Shiraz E-Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Internet Addiction Based on Personality Characteristics in Medical Students

Ali Sahraian 1 , 2 , Seyyed Bozorgmehr Hedayati 3 , Arash Mani 4 and Arvin Hedayati 5 , 6 , *
Authors Information
1 Full Professor, Psychiatrist, Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shiraz, Iran
2 Psychiatrist Substance Abuse Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 General Physician, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shiraz, Iran
4 Assistant Professor, Cognitive Neuroscientist, Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Shiraz, Iran
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Fasa University Of Medical Sciences, School of Medicine, Fasa, Iran
6 Psychiatrist, Research Center for Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Department of Psychiatry, Shiraz, Iran
Article information
  • Shiraz E-Medical Journal: October 01, 2016, 17 (10); e41149
  • Published Online: October 19, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: August 9, 2016
  • Revised: October 11, 2016
  • Accepted: October 17, 2016
  • DOI: 10.17795/semj41149

To Cite: Sahraian A, Hedayati S B, Mani A, Hedayati A. Internet Addiction Based on Personality Characteristics in Medical Students, Shiraz E-Med J. 2016 ; 17(10):e41149. doi: 10.17795/semj41149.

Copyright © 2016, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Young KS. Internet addiction a new clinical phenomenon and its consequences. American Behav Sci. 2004; 48(4): 402-15[DOI]
  • 2. Mazhari S. The prevalence of problematic internet use and the related factors in medical students, Kerman, Iran. Addict Health. 2012; 4(3-4): 87-94[PubMed]
  • 3. Koyuncu T, Unsal A, Arslantas D. Assessment of internet addiction and loneliness in secondary and high school students. J Pak Med Assoc. 2014; 64(9): 998-1002[PubMed]
  • 4. Wu CY, Lee MB, Liao SC, Chang LR. Risk Factors of Internet Addiction among Internet Users: An Online Questionnaire Survey. PLoS One. 2015; 10(10): 137506[DOI][PubMed]
  • 5. Chang FC, Chiu CH, Lee CM, Chen PH, Miao NF. Predictors of the initiation and persistence of internet addiction among adolescents in Taiwan. Addict Behav. 2014; 39(10): 1434-40[DOI][PubMed]
  • 6. Huan VS, Ang RP, Chong WH, Chye S. The impact of shyness on problematic internet use: the role of loneliness. J Psychol. 2014; 148(6): 699-715[DOI][PubMed]
  • 7. Bozoglan B, Demirer V, Sahin I. Loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction as predictors of Internet addiction: a cross-sectional study among Turkish university students. Scand J Psychol. 2013; 54(4): 313-9[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Young KS. Internet addiction: The emergence of a new clinical disorder. Cyber Psychol Behav. 1998; 1(3): 237-44
  • 9. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM). 1994;
  • 10. Chou C, Hsiao M. Internet addiction, usage, gratification, and pleasure experience: the Taiwan college students case. Comp Edu. 2000; 35(1): 65-80
  • 11. Servidio R. Exploring the effects of demographic factors, Internet usage and personality traits on Internet addiction in a sample of Italian university students. Com Hum Behav. 2014; 35: 85-92
  • 12. Christakis DA, Moreno MM, Jelenchick L, Myaing MT, Zhou C. Problematic internet usage in US college students: a pilot study. BMC Med. 2011; 9: 77[DOI][PubMed]
  • 13. Frangos CC, Frangos CC, Sotiropoulos I. Problematic Internet Use among Greek university students: an ordinal logistic regression with risk factors of negative psychological beliefs, pornographic sites, and online games. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw. 2011; 14(1-2): 51-8[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Shaw LH, Gant LM. In defense of the internet: the relationship between Internet communication and depression, loneliness, self-esteem, and perceived social support. Cyberpsychol Behav. 2002; 5(2): 157-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 15. Beyrami M. , Movahedi M. The relationship between perceived social support and the feeling of social- emotional loneliness with internet addiction in university students. Social Cogn. 2015; 3(6): 109-22
  • 16. Salahian A, Gharibi H, Malekpour N, Salahian N. Examining the role of predictor variables of mental health and personality subscales in internet addiction of students in medical and non-medical universities of sanandaj in 2014. jorjani. 2015; 3(2): 46-56
  • 17. Ghamari F, Mohammadbeigi A, Mohammadsalehi N, Hashiani AA. Internet addiction and modeling its risk factors in medical students, Iran. Indian J Psychol Med. 2011; 33(2): 158-62[DOI][PubMed]
  • 18. Hashemian A, Direkvand-Moghadam A, Delpisheh A, Direkvand-Moghadam A. Prevalence of internet addiction among university students in Ilam: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Epidemiologic Research. 2014; 1(1): 9-15
  • 19. Ansari H, Ansari-Moghaddam A, Mohammadi M, Peyvand M, Amani Z, Arbabisarjou A. Internet addiction and happiness among medical sciences students in southeastern Iran. Health Scope. 2016; 5(2)
  • 20. Boogar IR, Tabatabaee SM, Tosi J. Attitude to substance abuse: do personality and socio-demographic factors matter? Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2014; 3(3)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 21. Ozturk C, Bektas M, Ayar D, Ozguven Oztornaci B, Yagci D. Association of Personality Traits and Risk of Internet Addiction in Adolescents. Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2015; 9(2): 120-4[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Xu J, Shen LX, Yan CH, Hu H, Yang F, Wang L, et al. Personal characteristics related to the risk of adolescent internet addiction: a survey in Shanghai, China. BMC Public Health. 2012; 12: 1106[DOI][PubMed]
  • 23. Chen Q, Quan X, Lu H, Fei P, Li M. Comparison of the personality and other psychological factors of students with internet addiction who do and do not have associated social dysfunction. Shanghai Arch Psychiatry. 2015; 27(1): 36-41[DOI][PubMed]
  • 24. Alavi SS, Eslami M, Meracy MR, Najafi M, Jannatifard F, Rezapour H. Psychometric properties of Young internet addiction test. Int J Behav Sci. 2010; 4(3): 183-9
  • 25. Mohammadsalehi N, Mohammadbeigi A, Jadidi R, Anbari Z, Ghaderi E, Akbari M. Psychometric Properties of the Persian Language Version of Yang Internet Addiction Questionnaire: An Explanatory Factor Analysis. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2015; 4(3): 21560[DOI][PubMed]
  • 26. Anisi J, Majdiyan M, Joshanloo M, Ghoharikamel Z. Validity and reliability of NEO five-factor inventory (NEO-FFI) on university students. Int J Behav Sci. 2011; 5(4): 351-5
  • 27. Salehi M, Khalili MN, Hojjat SK, Salehi M, Danesh A. Prevalence of internet addiction and associated factors among medical students from Mashhad, Iran in 2013. Iran Red Cres Med J. 2014; 16(5)[DOI][PubMed]
  • 28. Senormanci O, Saracli O, Atasoy N, Senormanci G, Kokturk F, Atik L. Relationship of Internet addiction with cognitive style, personality, and depression in university students. Compr Psychiatry. 2014; 55(6): 1385-90[DOI][PubMed]
  • 29. Mok JY, Choi SW, Kim DJ, Choi JS, Lee J, Ahn H, et al. Latent class analysis on internet and smartphone addiction in college students. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2014; 10: 817-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 30. Wang CW, Ho RT, Chan CL, Tse S. Exploring personality characteristics of Chinese adolescents with internet-related addictive behaviors: trait differences for gaming addiction and social networking addiction. Addict Behav. 2015; 42: 32-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 31. Kuss DJ, Shorter GW, Van Rooij AJ, van de Mheen D, Griffiths MD. The Internet addiction components model and personality: establishing construct validity via a nomological network. Com Hum Behav. 2014; 39: 312-21
  • 32. Ying Ge JS, Zhang J. Research on relationship among internet-addiction, personality traits and mental health of urban left-behind children. Global J Health Sci. 2015; 7(4): 60
  • 33. Dalbudak E, Evren C. The relationship of Internet addiction severity with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in Turkish University students; impact of personality traits, depression and anxiety. Compr Psychiatry. 2014; 55(3): 497-503[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Zamani BE, Abedini Y, Kheradmand A. Internet addiction based on personality characteristics of high school students in Kerman, Iran. Addiction Health. 2012; 3(3-4): 85-91
  • 35. Egan V, Deary I, Austin E. The NEO-FFI: Emerging British norms and an item-level analysis suggest N, A and C are more reliable than O and E. Pers Individ Dif. 2000; 29(5): 907-20
  • 36. Goldberg LR. The structure of phenotypic personality traits. Am Psychol. 1993; 48(1): 26-34[PubMed]
  • 37. Landers RN, Lounsbury JW. An investigation of Big Five and narrow personality traits in relation to Internet usage. Com Hum Behav. 2006; 22(2): 283-93
  • 38. Buckner JE, Castille C, Sheets TL. The Five Factor Model of personality and employees’ excessive use of technology. Com Hum Behav. 2012; 28(5): 1947-53
  • 39. Yan W, Li Y, Sui N. The relationship between recent stressful life events, personality traits, perceived family functioning and internet addiction among college students. Stress Health. 2014; 30(1): 3-11
  • 40. Muller KW, Beutel ME, Egloff B, Wölfling K. Investigating risk factors for internet gaming disorder: a comparison of patients with addictive gaming, pathological gamblers and healthy controls regarding the big five personality traits. Euro Addict Res. 2013; 20(3): 129-36[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments