Shiraz E-Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

Long Time Exercise Break off Can Affect Body Mass Index and Waist to Height Ratio of Female Athlete Students Participating in the Athletic Race of Health Ministry of Iran

Mohammad Hassan Karimfar 1 , Saeed Shokri 1 , * , Azam Bayat 2 and Mahnaz Afzali 3
Authors Information
1 Department of Anatomical Sciences, School of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran
2 Health and Safety Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, IR Iran
3 Environmental Health, Health Faculty, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, IR Iran
Article information
  • Shiraz E-Medical Journal: July 01, 2013, 14 (3); 191-201
  • Published Online: July 1, 2013
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: May 7, 2013
  • Accepted: July 21, 2013

To Cite: Hassan Karimfar M, Shokri S, Bayat A, Afzali M. Long Time Exercise Break off Can Affect Body Mass Index and Waist to Height Ratio of Female Athlete Students Participating in the Athletic Race of Health Ministry of Iran, Shiraz E-Med J. 2013 ; 14(3):191-201.

Copyright © 2013, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Introduction
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Ackland TR, Ong KB, Kerr DA, Ridge B. Morphological characteristics of Olympic sprint canoe and kayak paddlers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2003; 6(3): 285-94
  • 2. Bahrami H, Sadatsafavi M, Pourshams A, Kamangar F, Nouraei M, Semnani S, et al. Obesity and hypertension in an Iranian cohort study; Iranian women experience higher rates of obesity and hypertension than American women. BMC Public Health. 2006; 6(1): 158
  • 3. Bourgois J, Claessens AL, Janssens M, Renterghem BV, Loos R, Thomis M, et al. Anthropometric characteristics of elite female junior rowers. Journal of sports sciences. 2001; 19(3): 195-202
  • 4. Claessens AL, Lefevre J, Beunen G, Malina RM. The contribution of anthropometric characteristics to performance scores in elite female gymnasts. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 1999; 39(4): 355-60
  • 5. Gabbett TJ. Physiological and anthropometric characteristics of amateur rugby league players. Br J Sports Med. 2000; 34: 303-7
  • 6. Reilly T, Bangsbo J, Franks A. Anthropometric and physiological predispositions for elite soccer. Journal of sports sciences. 2000; 18(9): 669-83
  • 7. LEGAZARRESE A, Gonzalez Badillo JJ, Serrano Ostariz E. Differences in skinfold thicknesses and fat distribution among top-class runners. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2005; 45(4): 512-7
  • 8. Slater GJ, Rice AJ, Mujika I, Hahn AG, Sharpe K, Jenkins DG. Physique traits of lightweight rowers and their relationship to competitive success. British journal of sports medicine. 2005; 39(10): 736-41
  • 9. Sánchez-Muñoz C, Sanz D, Zabala M. Anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite junior tennis players. British journal of sports medicine. 2007; 41(11): 793-9
  • 10. Carvajal W, Betancourt H, León S, Deturnel Y, Martínez M, Echevarría I, et al. Kinanthropometric profile of cuban women olympic volleyball champions. MEDICC review. 2012; 14(2): 16-22
  • 11. Ross WD, Marfell-Jones MJ, MacDougall JD, Wenger HA, Green HJ. Physiological testing of the high performance athlete. Kinanthropometry. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics Books. 1991; : 223-308
  • 12. Chowdhury B, Lantz H, Sjöström L. Computed tomography—determined body composition in relation to cardiovascular risk factors in Indian and matched Swedish males. Metabolism. 1996; 45(5): 634-44
  • 13. Dobbelsteyn CJ, Joffres MR, MacLean DR, Flowerdew G. A comparative evaluation of waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and body mass index as indicators of cardiovascular risk factors. The Canadian Heart Health Surveys. International journal of obesity. 2001; 25(5): 652-61
  • 14. Seidell JC, Han TS, Feskens EJM, Lean MEJ. Narrow hips and broad waist circumferences independently contribute to increased risk of non‐insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus. Journal of internal medicine. 1997; 242(5): 401-6
  • 15. Lau DC, Douketis JD, Morrison KM, Hramiak IM, Sharma AM, Ur E. 2006 Canadian clinical practice guidelines on the management and prevention of obesity in adults and children [summary]. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2007; 176(8)
  • 16. Lohman T, Roche A, Martorell R. Human Kinetics Books. 1988;
  • 17. Alberti KGMM, Zimmet PZ. Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO consultation. Diabetic medicine. 1998; 15(7): 539-53
  • 18. Carnethon MR, Gidding SS, Nehgme R, Sidney S, Jacobs Jr DR, Liu K. Cardiorespiratory fitness in young adulthood and the development of cardiovascular disease risk factors. JAMA: the journal of the American Medical Association. 2003; 290(23): 3092-100
  • 19. Sayyah M, Ghafury A, Amiri A, . Evaluating the anthropometric characteristics and sport background of participative athlete student in games in 2003. Feize. 2006; 26: 76-84
  • 20. Olson MS, Williford HN, Blessing DL, Wilson GD, Halpin G. A test to estimate VO2max in females using aerobic dance, heart rate, BMI, and age. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 1995; 35(3): 159-68
  • 21. Tobita Y, Otaki H, Kusaka Y, Iki M, Kajita E, Sato K. A cross-sectional analysis on relationships between maximum oxygen uptake and risk factors for cardiovascular diseases]. Sangyō eiseigaku zasshi= Journal of occupational health. 1995; 37(6): 409
  • 22. Garry JP, McShane JJ. Analysis of lipoproteins and body mass index in professional football players. Preventive cardiology. 2001; 4(3): 103-8
  • 23. Trichopoulou A, Gnardellis C, Lagiou A, Benetou V, Naska A, Trichopoulos D. Physical activity and energy intake selectively predict the waist-to-hip ratio in men but not in women. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2001; 74(5): 574-8
  • 24. Esmaillzadeh A, Mirmiran PARVIN, Azizi F. Waist-to-hip ratio is a better screening measure for cardiovascular risk factors than other anthropometric indicators in Tehranian adult men. International journal of obesity. 2004; 28(10): 1325-32
  • 25. Lin WY, Lee LT, Chen CY, Lo H, Hsia HH, Liu IL, et al. Optimal cut-off values for obesity: using simple anthropometric indices to predict cardiovascular risk factors in Taiwan. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 2002; 26(9): 1232-8
  • 26. Molarius A, Seidell JC. Selection of anthropometric indicators for classification of abdominal fatness--a critical review. International journal of obesity and related metabolic disorders: journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. 1998; 22(8): 719-27
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments