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Meta-Ethnography as a Tool for Synthesis Qualitative Research in Health

AUTHORS

Ahmad Kalateh Sadati 1 , *

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Department of Social Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: 18 (Suppl); e58654
Published Online: July 31, 2017
Article Type: Abstract
Received: July 29, 2017
Accepted: November 27, 2016
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Abstract

Keywords

Health System Meta-Ethnography Qualitative Research Health

© 2017, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Background: The aim of this study was introduce a qualitative approach for synthesis previous findings in health called met-ethnography. Generally, qualitative meta-ethnography is a study design used to systematically assess previous research studies to derive new concepts constructions about the subject. Epistemologically, this is a meta-interpretation about past studies.

Methods: Noblit and Hare (1988) proposed a meta-ethnography method which includes seven stages: (1) Getting started involves formulating a research idea that is ‘worthy of the synthesis effort’. (2) Deciding what is relevant. (3) Reading the studies involves careful attention to the conceptual content of the included studies. (4) Determining how studies are related involves identifying and describing the ‘metaphors’ or concepts in studies and ‘translating’ or comparing them to those in other studies. (5) Translating studies into each other involves sorting concepts from primary studies into conceptual categories; (6) Synthesizing translations involves developing a model that helps to make sense of the topic under investigation. (7) Expressing the synthesis involves output and dissemination of findings.

Results: For quality appraisal using of structured checklists is proposed. However, adequate description for ‘well enough’ methodologically report is the main goal.

Conclusions: Generally, this study involves identifying ideas from the studies included and progressively abstracting these ideas into a line of argument, or conceptual model can help for providing thick description about different issues in health.

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