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Social Well-Being of Iranian Older Adults and its Relationship with Socio-Demographic Variables

AUTHORS

Pouya Farokhnezhad Afshar 1 , Mahshid Foroughan 2 , * , AbouAli Vedadhir 3 , Mahmoud Ghazi Tabatabaei 4

AUTHORS INFORMATION

1 Iranian Research Center On Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Iranian Research Center of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Demography & Population Studies, Faculty of Social Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: 18 (Suppl); e58667
Published Online: July 31, 2017
Article Type: Abstract
Received: July 29, 2017
Accepted: November 27, 2016
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Abstract

Keywords

Social Well-Being Older Adults Health

© 2017, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fulltext

Background: Health consists of physical, psycho and social well-being. Social well-being in individual level is a combination of psychological well-being about community. The importance of social well-being is high among the older adults for a different reason such as social isolation and loneliness.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which was conducted in Tehran, capital of Iran, in 2016. The participants were community-dwelling older adults selected by using the multistage cluster sampling strategy across the city. We used Social Well-being Scale (SWS) for collecting data.

Results: Three hundred older adults completed the scale. Mean age was 66.39 ± 6.98 years; 60% were male. The data revealed that the older participants were at moderate level in terms of social well-being. Social well-being in these older people was significantly related to their marital status (P= 0.03), level of education (P= 0.03), employment status (P<0.01), housing status (P<0.01), financial (P<0.01) and health status (P<0.01).

Conclusions: Social well-being in older people is linked to having pension, house ownership, being employed, prospers financial status, education, good health and married status.

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