Shiraz E-Medical Journal

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The Effect of Localized Heat and Cold Therapy on Pain Intensity, Duration of Phases of Labor, and Birth Outcomes Among Primiparous Females: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Mansoureh Yazdkhasti 1 , 2 , Soheila Moghimi Hanjani 3 and Zahra Mehdizadeh Tourzani 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Social Determinations of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran
Article information
  • Shiraz E-Medical Journal: August 2018, 19 (8); e65501
  • Published Online: June 25, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 7, 2018
  • Revised: April 5, 2018
  • Accepted: April 16, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/semj.65501

To Cite: Yazdkhasti M, Moghimi Hanjani S, Mehdizadeh Tourzani Z. The Effect of Localized Heat and Cold Therapy on Pain Intensity, Duration of Phases of Labor, and Birth Outcomes Among Primiparous Females: A Randomized, Controlled Trial, Shiraz E-Med J. 2018 ; 19(8):e65501. doi: 10.5812/semj.65501.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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