Shiraz E-Medical Journal

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The Effect of Localized Heat and Cold Therapy on Pain Intensity, Duration of Phases of Labor, and Birth Outcomes Among Primiparous Females: A Randomized, Controlled Trial

Mansoureh Yazdkhasti 1 , 2 , Soheila Moghimi Hanjani 3 and Zahra Mehdizadeh Tourzani 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Social Determinations of Health Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
3 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, Karaj, Iran
Article information
  • Shiraz E-Medical Journal: August 2018, 19 (8); e65501
  • Published Online: June 25, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: January 7, 2018
  • Revised: April 5, 2018
  • Accepted: April 16, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/semj.65501

To Cite: Yazdkhasti M, Moghimi Hanjani S, Mehdizadeh Tourzani Z. The Effect of Localized Heat and Cold Therapy on Pain Intensity, Duration of Phases of Labor, and Birth Outcomes Among Primiparous Females: A Randomized, Controlled Trial, Shiraz E-Med J. 2018 ; 19(8):e65501. doi: 10.5812/semj.65501.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
Acknowledgements
Footnotes
References
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