New and Emerging Mobile Technologies for Health Care (mHealth): A Horizon Scanning Review
Shiraz E-Medical Journal: January 15, 2018, 19 (Suppl); e66345
February 23, 2017
Article Type: Abstract
December 11, 2016
January 01, 2017
F. New and Emerging Mobile Technologies for Health Care (mHealth): A Horizon Scanning Review,
Shiraz E-Med J.
© 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
Background: Mobile technologies deliver new capabilities that can be beneficial to drive major aspects of health care. In patientcentered healthcare there is a need for continuing monitoring health technologies to enable the fast and accurate decision making.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore and identify new and emerging technologies that are likely to impact the future
of health care and practical research.
Methods: We conducted a systematic search on top ranking health technology websites according to Alexa Rank. The websites included msn.com, theguardian.com, techcrunch.com, cnet.com, and telegraph.co.uk. The search was carried out with pre-defined search terms on published news articles from January to October 2016. Technologies of interest were mHealth technologies, which have a potential impact on health care, regardless of their maturity level (i.e. under development, prototype, under control trial study, or pilot study).
Results: A total of 262 news articles were identified through electronic search and screened. After comparing against selection criteria, 75 mHealth innovative products/interventions were included in this review. Several wearable devices such as watches and wrist-worn bands were introduced for mental coaching, physical activity, fertility, fitness, sleep, blood pressure, and vital sign tracking. Numerous reports on smartphones connected appliances for medication adherence monitoring, baby tracking, woman health, including menstruation and pregnancy monitoring, were identified. Smartphone apps for body changes visualization, pre-hospital care, sleep screen, birth control, eye examination, rehabilitation, disease diagnosis and prescription, mental health services, and organ donation were also introduced.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that personalized lifestyle and move towards consumer centered medicine monitoring through mobile health technologies such as wearable and connected appliances are emerging, which will be accessible for higher proportion of patients and health providers in the near future.