Role of E-Health and Mobile Health in Management of Asthma: A Review Study

AUTHORS

Behnam Honarvar 1 , * , K.B lankarani 1

1 Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

How to Cite: Honarvar B, lankarani K. Role of E-Health and Mobile Health in Management of Asthma: A Review Study, Shiraz E-Med J. 2018 ; 19(Suppl):e66358. doi: 10.5812/semj.66358.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: 19 (Suppl); e66358
Published Online: February 23, 2017
Article Type: Abstract
Received: December 11, 2016
Accepted: January 01, 2017
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Abstract

Keywords

E-Health M Health Smart Phone Asthma Self-Management

© 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Background: Asthma is one of the common non-communicable diseases. Approximately 235 million people suffer from asthma
around the world. Appropriate management of asthma can enable people to enjoy a good quality of life. The major international
clinical guidelines now recommend including a self-management program in the routine management of patients with asthma.
However, the implementation of self- management program in clinical practice, and their uptake by patients, is still poor. Objectives: We investigated the literature for finding last evidences regarding the effect of e health and m health on different
aspects of asthma management.

Methods: Academic databases of PubMed, Cochrane (central), and Scopus were searched, using different combinations of terms such as “e health”, “E Health”, “mobile health”, “m health”, “M Health”, “M health”, “Tele monitoring”, “SMS”, “MMS” and “Asthma”. The searching was limited to the English language and only systematic review or meta-analysis studies were reviewed.

Results: We found 10 systematic review (SR) studies that included assessment of e health or m health on management of Asthma. These SR studies included RCT (randomized control trials), before-after, and observational studies. These studies consisted of at least a total 134556 participants comprising of 10374 children. These studies were conducted in USA, Cameron, Italy, France, Canada, and some other countries. In these studies, different aspects of Asthma were evaluated such as self-management, medical adherence, scheduling visiting time by physicians, peak expiratory flow measurement, asynchronous communication and discussing between patients and providers, as well as monitoring 4 items of asthma (cough, night symptoms, sleep quality, and maximum tolerated activity). However, few studies investigated the cost effectiveness and long term efficacy of m health or other e health facilities on management of asthmatic patients.

Conclusion: Although there are some strong evidences regarding the value of integrating m health in management of asthma, evidences about its long term benefit, cost-effectiveness, feasibility, and changing the outcome are limited. Therefore, the lack of large scale and strong clinical trial studies, for answering these questions is felt more than before.

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