Shiraz E-Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

The Effect of Oral Date Syrup on Severity of Labor Pain in Nulliparous

Simin Taavoni 1 , 2 , 3 , Leila Fathi 4 , * , Neda Nazem Ekbatani 5 and Hamid Haghani 6
Authors Information
1 Research Institute for Islamic and Complementary Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
5 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
6 Department of Biostatistics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Shiraz E-Medical Journal: 20 (1); e69207
  • Published Online: December 26, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 8, 2018
  • Revised: September 10, 2018
  • Accepted: September 18, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/semj.69207

To Cite: Taavoni S, Fathi L, Nazem Ekbatani N, Haghani H. The Effect of Oral Date Syrup on Severity of Labor Pain in Nulliparous, Shiraz E-Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 20(1):e69207. doi: 10.5812/semj.69207.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Cunningham FG, Leveno KJ, Bloom SL, Spong CY, Dashe JS, Hoffman BL, et al. Williams obstetrics. United States of America: McGraw-Hill Education; 2014.
  • 2. Pillitteri A. Maternal and child health nursing: Care of the childbearing and childrearing family. Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
  • 3. Wong CA. Advances in labor analgesia. Int J Womens Health. 2010;1:139-54. [PubMed: 21072284]. [PubMed Central: PMC2971706].
  • 4. Shnider SM, Abboud TK, Artal R, Henriksen EH, Stefani SJ, Levinson G. Maternal catecholamines decrease during labor after lumbar epidural anesthesia. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1983;147(1):13-5. [PubMed: 6614080].
  • 5. Lederman RP, Lederman E, Work B Jr, McCann DS. Anxiety and epinephrine in multiparous women in labor: Relationship to duration of labor and fetal heart rate pattern. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1985;153(8):870-7. [PubMed: 4073158].
  • 6. Garthus-Niegel S, Knoph C, von Soest T, Nielsen CS, Eberhard-Gran M. The role of labor pain and overall birth experience in the development of posttraumatic stress symptoms: A longitudinal cohort study. Birth. 2014;41(1):108-15. doi: 10.1111/birt.12093. [PubMed: 24654643].
  • 7. Lang AJ, Sorrell JT, Rodgers CS, Lebeck MM. Anxiety sensitivity as a predictor of labor pain. Eur J Pain. 2006;10(3):263-70. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2005.05.001. [PubMed: 15987671].
  • 8. Chaillet N, Belaid L, Crochetiere C, Roy L, Gagne GP, Moutquin JM, et al. Nonpharmacologic approaches for pain management during labor compared with usual care: A meta-analysis. Birth. 2014;41(2):122-37. doi: 10.1111/birt.12103. [PubMed: 24761801].
  • 9. Koyyalamudi V, Sidhu G, Cornett EM, Nguyen V, Labrie-Brown C, Fox CJ, et al. New labor pain treatment options. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2016;20(2):11. doi: 10.1007/s11916-016-0543-2. [PubMed: 26780039].
  • 10. Smith CA, Levett KM, Collins CT, Jones L. Manual healing methods including massage and reflexology for pain management in labour. Cochrane Db Syst Rev. 2011;(9). doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009290.
  • 11. Sanders RA, Lamb K. Non-pharmacological pain management strategies for labour: Maintaining a physiological outlook. Br J Midwifery. 2017;25(2):78-85. doi: 10.12968/bjom.2017.25.2.78.
  • 12. de Oliveira DA, Ramos MG, Jordão V da RV, da Silva RAR, de Carvalho JBL, do Nascimento Costa MM. Use of non-pharmacological methods for providing pain relief during the natural childbirth: Integrative review. J Nurs. 2013;7(5):4161-70. doi: 10.5205/reuol.4134-32743-1-SM-1.0705esp201309.
  • 13. Taavoni S, Abdolahian S, Haghani H, Neysani L. Effect of birth ball usage on pain in the active phase of labor: A randomized controlled trial. J Midwifery Womens Health. 2011;56(2):137-40. doi: 10.1111/j.1542-2011.2010.00013.x. [PubMed: 21429078].
  • 14. Smith CA, Levett KM, Collins CT, Jones L. Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(2). CD009290. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009290.pub2. [PubMed: 22336862].
  • 15. Sharma S, Menia V, Bedi J, Dogra S. Labor analgesia: An unmet right of laboring women in India. J South Asian Fed Obstet Gynaecol. 2013;5:26-32. doi: 10.5005/jp-journals-10006-1214.
  • 16. Tranmer JE, Hodnett ED, Hannah ME, Stevens BJ. The effect of unrestricted oral carbohydrate intake on labor progress. J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2005;34(3):319-28. doi: 10.1177/0884217505276155. [PubMed: 15890830].
  • 17. Ergol S, Eroglu K, Taskin L. The effect of oral fluid food support during labor on labor duration and perception of labor pains. Health Med. 2012;6(6):2093-9.
  • 18. Chandrasekaran M, Bahkali AH. Valorization of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruit processing by-products and wastes using bioprocess technology - Review. Saudi J Biol Sci. 2013;20(2):105-20. doi: 10.1016/j.sjbs.2012.12.004. [PubMed: 23961227]. [PubMed Central: PMC3730931].
  • 19. Shah A, Marwat SK, Gohar F, Khan A, Bhatti KH, Amin M, et al. Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants of semi-tribal area of Makerwal & Gulla Khel (lying between Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab provinces), Pakistan. AM J Plant Sci. 2013;4(1):98. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2013.41015.
  • 20. Mirghazanfari SM. Assay of pharmacological features of phoenix Dactylifera in the view of traditional and modern medicine. Life Sci J. 2013;10(7):430-5.
  • 21. Pujari RR, Vyawahare NS, Kagathara VG. Evaluation of antioxidant and neuroprotective effect of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) against bilateral common carotid artery occlusion in rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 2011;49(8):627-33. [PubMed: 21870431].
  • 22. Al-Taher AY. Possible anti-diarrhoeal effect of the date palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L) spathe aqueous extract in rats. Sci J King Faisal Uni. 2008;9(1):131-8.
  • 23. Saafi EB, Louedi M, Elfeki A, Zakhama A, Najjar MF, Hammami M, et al. Protective effect of date palm fruit extract (Phoenix dactylifera L.) on dimethoate induced-oxidative stress in rat liver. Exp Toxicol Pathol. 2011;63(5):433-41. doi: 10.1016/j.etp.2010.03.002. [PubMed: 20359872].
  • 24. Al-Daihan S, Bhat RS. Antibacterial activities of extracts of leaf, fruit, seed and bark of Phoenix dactylifera. Afr J Biotechnol. 2012;11(42):10021-5. doi: 10.5897/AJB11.4309.
  • 25. Abedi A, Parviz M, Karimian SM, Sadeghipour Rodsari HR. Aphrodisiac activity of aqueous extract of Phoenix dactylifera pollen in male rats. Adv Sex Med. 2013;3(1):28. doi: 10.4236/asm.2013.31006.
  • 26. Khadem N, Sharaphy A, Latifnejad R, Hammod N, Ibrahimzadeh S. Comparing the efficacy of dates and oxytocin in the management of postpartum hemorrhage. Shiraz E-Med J. 2007;8(2):64-71.
  • 27. Kordi M, Salek Nasiri N, Safarian M, Esmaiili H, Shadjo K. [The effect of oral honey- date syrup intake during labor on labor progress of nulliparous women]. Iran J Obest Gynecol Infertility. 2010;13(2):23-30. Persian. doi: 10.22038/IJOGI.2010.5861.
  • 28. Shabani M, Zangiabadi N, Asadi-Shekaari M. Evidence for positive effects of date extract that attenuates thermal hyperalgesia in a diabetic rat model of neuropathic pain. Neurosci Med. 2013;4(1):16. doi: 10.4236/nm.2013.41003.
  • 29. Zafari Zangeneh F, Moezi L, Zargar AA. [The effect of palm date, fig and olive fruits regimen on weight, pain threshold and memory in mice]. Iran J Med Aromatic Plants. 2009;25(2):149-58. Persian.
  • 30. Hekmatzadeh SF, Mirmolaei ST, Hoseini N. [The effect of boiled dill (Anethum graveolens) seeds on the long active phase and labor pain intensity]. Armaghane danesh. 2012;17(1):50-9. Persian.
  • 31. Rahmani R, Khakbazan Z, Yavari P, Granmayeh M, Yavari L. Effect of oral carbohydrate intake on labor progress: Randomized controlled trial. Iran J Public Health. 2012;41(11):59-66. [PubMed: 23304677]. [PubMed Central: PMC3521887].
  • 32. Scheepers HC, Thans MC, de Jong PA, Essed GG, Le Cessie S, Kanhai HH. A double-blind, randomised, placebo controlled study on the influence of carbohydrate solution intake during labour. BJOG. 2002;109(2):178-81. [PubMed: 11911101].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments