Shiraz E-Medical Journal

Published by: Kowsar

The Impact of Climatic Factors on Spatial Distribution of Scorpion Stings in Ardabil Province, North-West of Iran; 2012 - 2017

Eslam Moradiasl ORCID 1 , Davoud Adham 1 , * , Hossein Solimanzadeh 2 , Abedin Saghafipour ORCID 3 and Hadi Eghbal 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
2 Institutes of Health Meshkin Shahr, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
3 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
Article information
  • Shiraz E-Medical Journal: February 28, 2019, 20 (2); e69333
  • Published Online: September 24, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: April 11, 2018
  • Revised: September 2, 2018
  • Accepted: September 3, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/semj.69333

To Cite: Moradiasl E, Adham D, Solimanzadeh H, Saghafipour A, Eghbal H. The Impact of Climatic Factors on Spatial Distribution of Scorpion Stings in Ardabil Province, North-West of Iran; 2012 - 2017, Shiraz E-Med J. 2019 ; 20(2):e69333. doi: 10.5812/semj.69333.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Chippaux JP, Goyffon M. Epidemiology of scorpionism: A global appraisal. Acta Trop. 2008;107(2):71-9. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2008.05.021. [PubMed: 18579104].
  • 2. Molaee SM, Ahmadi KA, Vazirianzadeh B, Moravvej SA. A climatological study of scorpion sting incidence from 2007 to 2011 in the Dezful area of southwestern Iran, using a time series model. J Insect Sci. 2014;14:151. doi: 10.1093/jisesa/ieu013. [PubMed: 25480967]. [PubMed Central: PMC5633937].
  • 3. Kassiri H, Kassiri A, Sharififard M, Shojaee S, Lotf M, Kasiri E. Scorpion envenomation study in Behbahan County, Southwest Iran. J Coast Life Med. 2014;2(5):416-20. doi: 10.12980/jclm.2.201414j24.
  • 4. Mahshidfar B, Basir Ghafouri H, Yasinzadeh MR, Mofidi M, Rezai M, Farsi D, et al. Demographics of scorpion sting in Iran; A cross sectional study. Emerg (Tehran). 2017;5(1). e77. doi: 10.22037/emergency.v5i1.18276. [PubMed: 29201959]. [PubMed Central: PMC5703754].
  • 5. Cordeiro FA, Amorim FG, Anjolette FA, Arantes EC. Arachnids of medical importance in Brazil: Main active compounds present in scorpion and spider venoms and tick saliva. J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis. 2015;21:24. doi: 10.1186/s40409-015-0028-5. [PubMed: 26273285]. [PubMed Central: PMC4535291].
  • 6. Brito G, Borges A. A checklist of the scorpions of Ecuador (Arachnida: Scorpiones), with notes on the distribution and medical significance of some species. J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis. 2015;21:23. doi: 10.1186/s40409-015-0023-x. [PubMed: 26229525]. [PubMed Central: PMC4520211].
  • 7. Vazirianzadeh B, Hossienzadeh M, Moravvej SA, Vazirianzadeh M, Mosavi SA. An epidemiological study on scorpion stings in Lordegan County, south-west of Iran. Arch Razi Inst. 2013;68(1):71-6.
  • 8. Dehghani R, Fathi B. Scorpion sting in Iran: A review. Toxicon. 2012;60(5):919-33. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2012.06.002. [PubMed: 22750221].
  • 9. Dehghani R, Kamiabi F, Mohammadi M. Scorpionism by Hemiscorpius spp. in Iran: A review. J Venom Anim Toxins Incl Trop Dis. 2018;24:8. doi: 10.1186/s40409-018-0145-z. [PubMed: 29507581]. [PubMed Central: PMC5833132].
  • 10. Jalali A, Rahim F. Epidemiological review of scorpion envenomation in Iran. Iran J Pharm Res. 2014;13(3):743-56. [PubMed: 25276176]. [PubMed Central: PMC4177636].
  • 11. Mirshamsi O, Sari A, Hosseinie S. History of study and checklist of the scorpion fauna (Arachnida: Scorpiones) of Iran. Progress Biolog Sci. 2011;1(2):16-23. doi: 10.22059/PBS.2011.24286.
  • 12. Nazari M, Hajizadeh M. A faunistic study on scorpions and the epidemiology of scorpionism in Bam, southeast of Iran. Glob J Health Sci. 2016;9(2):177. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v9n2p177.
  • 13. Pipelzadeh MH, Jalali A, Taraz M, Pourabbas R, Zaremirakabadi A. An epidemiological and a clinical study on scorpionism by the Iranian scorpion Hemiscorpius lepturus. Toxicon. 2007;50(7):984-92. doi: 10.1016/j.toxicon.2007.07.018. [PubMed: 17854855].
  • 14. Dehghani R, Arani MG. Scorpion sting prevention and treatment in ancient Iran. J Tradit Complement Med. 2015;5(2):75-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcme.2014.11.007. [PubMed: 26151015]. [PubMed Central: PMC4488100].
  • 15. Shahsavarinia K, Taghizadieh A, Ghaffarzad A, Shariati A, Rahmani F. Epidemiological and clinical status of patients with scorpion sting: Emergency department of Sina hospital in Tabriz-Iran. J Emerg Pract Trauma. 2016;3(1):18-21. doi: 10.15171/jept.2017.08.
  • 16. Najafabadi AT. Applications of GIS in health sciences. Shiraz E-Med J. 2009;10(4):221-30.
  • 17. Hanafi-Bojd AA, Vatandoost H, Oshaghi MA, Charrahy Z, Haghdoost AA, Zamani G, et al. Spatial analysis and mapping of malaria risk in an endemic area, south of Iran: A GIS based decision making for planning of control. Acta Trop. 2012;122(1):132-7. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.01.003. [PubMed: 22245147].
  • 18. Shahi M, Moosavy SH, Hanafi-Bojd AA, Navidpour S, Zare S, Madani A, et al. Spatial distribution of scorpion sting in a high-risk area of southern Iran. J Med Entomol. 2016. doi: 10.1093/jme/tjw043. [PubMed: 27313168].
  • 19. El Hidan MA, Touloun O, El Oufir R, Boumezzough A. Epidemiological and spatial analysis of scorpion stings in two regions of Morocco: Marrakesh-Tensift-Al Haouz and Souss-Massa-Draa. J Coast Life Med. 2016;4(4):299-304. doi: 10.12980/jclm.4.2016J6-22.
  • 20. Hui Wen F, Monteiro WM, Moura da Silva AM, Tambourgi DV, Mendonca da Silva I, Sampaio VS, et al. Snakebites and scorpion stings in the Brazilian Amazon: Identifying research priorities for a largely neglected problem. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015;9(5). e0003701. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003701. [PubMed: 25996940]. [PubMed Central: PMC4440781].
  • 21. Nejati J, Saghafipour A, Mozaffari E, Keyhani A, Jesri N. Scorpions and scorpionism in Iran's central desert. Acta Trop. 2017;166:293-8. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.12.003. [PubMed: 27923555].
  • 22. Daneshi S, Rezabeigi S, Razzaghi A, Zeinali M, Arefi S. [The epidemiological analysis of scorpion stings in Kerman 2012-14]. Pajoohande. 2016;21(1):35-9. Persian.
  • 23. Isazadehfar KH, Eslami L, Entezariasl M. Epidemiology of scorpionism in southwest, Iran, 2008. Iran J Epidemiol. 2013;8(4):54-60.
  • 24. Mohammadi YA, Rajabi A, Azarbakhsh H, Esmaeilzadeh F, Ghorbani M. [An epidemiological study on scorpion stings in Khuzestan province (Haft Gel region), 2011-2012]. Sadra Med Sci J. 2017;3(1). Persian.
  • 25. Mohseni A, Vazirianzadeh B, Hossienzadeh M, Salehcheh M, Moradi A, Moravvej SA. The roles of some scorpions, Hemiscorpius lepturus and Androctonus crassicauda, in a scorpionism focus in Ramhormorz, southwestern Iran. J Insect Sci. 2013;13:89. doi: 10.1673/031.013.8901. [PubMed: 24219757]. [PubMed Central: PMC3835033].
  • 26. Rafizadeh S, Rafinejad J, Rassi Y. Epidemiology of scorpionism in Iran during 2009. J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2013;7(1):66-70. [PubMed: 23785696]. [PubMed Central: PMC3684498].
  • 27. Hosseininasab A, Alidoosti K, Torabinejad M. [Epidemiologic characteristic and predisposing factors of scorpion sting in the south of Kerman province]. J Med Council Islamic Republic Iran. 2009;27(3). Persian.
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments