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Prediction of Preeclampsia with Elevation in Erythroblast Count in Maternal Blood

AUTHORS

F Davari Tanha 1 , * , J Mohammad Pour 2 , M Kaveh 3 , M Shariat 4

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mirza Kochek Khan Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics,Mirza Kochek Khan Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Epidemiologist, Mirza Kochek Khan Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Resident, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mirza Kochek Khan Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Davari Tanha F, Mohammad Pour J, Kaveh M, Shariat M. Prediction of Preeclampsia with Elevation in Erythroblast Count in Maternal Blood, Shiraz E-Med J. Online ahead of Print ; 9(3):120-128.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Shiraz E-Medical Journal: 9 (3); 120-128
Published Online: July 1, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: May 13, 2007
Accepted: January 27, 2008

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Abstract

Introduction: The predominant etiologic theory of preeclampsia is that reduced uteroplacental perfusion is the unique pathogenic process in the development of preeclampsia. Maternal and fetal erythroblast counts are elevated in the peripheral blood of pregnant women with preeclampsia. The purpose of this study was to examine whether this elevation actually occurs before the clinical onset of the disorder.

Study Design: In a prospective cohort survey erythroblasts were enumerated in 599 maternal blood samples obtained in 19-26 weeks with singleton pregnancy. After complete blood count a peripheral blood smear was done and erythroblast was counted , and results were subsequently correlated with pregnancy outcomes. The data were analyzed by SPSS 13.0.Independent sample t-test and Fishers exact test was used. A p value of <0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: Significantly higher quantities of erythroblasts (mean 2.46?1.23 vs. 0.44?0.55; p=0.009) were detected in blood samples obtained from women who later acquired preeclampsia (n=50) than in blood samples from the control Cohort (n=549). Intrauterine growth restriction was accompany by a similar rise in erythroblast count (mean NRBC 0.82?0.8 in preeclamptic group vs. 0.59?0.85 in normotensive group; p=0.009). Mean gestational age was less in preeclamptic group (37.58?1.45 vs. 39.07?0.94, p=0.009).On the basis of 1.5 erythroblast as point of convergence there was sensitivity =61.45, specificity=93.02,NPV=98.16, accuracy=91.65

Conclusion: Because a large proportion of the erythroblasts in maternal blood are fetal origin, our data suggest that fetal-maternal cell traffic is affected early in pregnancies that are later complicated by preeclampsia.

Keywords

erythroblasts, preeclampsia, IUGR, fetal cell traffic.

© 2008, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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