Shiraz E-Medical Journal

Published by: Neoscriber Demo Publisher

The Association Between Parents’ Lifestyles and Common Psychiatry Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Population-Based Study

Saba Shakarami 1 , Yousef Veisani 2 , Koorosh Kamali 3 , Seyed-Ali Mostafavi 4 , Mohammad Reza Mohammadi 4 , Fathola Mohamadian 5 , Nastaran Ahmadi 6 , Mohammad Fararouei 7 and Ali Delpisheh 8 , *
Authors Information
1 Student Research Committee, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
2 Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
3 Department of Public Health, School of Public Health, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
4 Psychiatry and Psychology Research Center, Roozbeh Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5 Department of Psychology, Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
6 Yazd Cardiovascular Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
7 Shiraz HIV/AIDS Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
8 Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
Article information
  • Shiraz E-Medical Journal: April 30, 2019, 20 (5); e81486
  • Published Online: December 9, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: June 29, 2018
  • Revised: September 25, 2018
  • Accepted: October 2, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/semj.81486

To Cite: Shakarami S, Veisani Y, Kamali K, Mostafavi S, Mohammadi M R, et al. The Association Between Parents’ Lifestyles and Common Psychiatry Disorders in Children and Adolescents: A Population-Based Study, Shiraz E-Med J. 2019 ; 20(5):e81486. doi: 10.5812/semj.81486.

Copyright © 2018, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. World Health Organization. Promoting mental health: Concepts, emerging evidence, practice: Summary report. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.
  • 2. Huaqing Qi C, Kaiser AP. Behavior problems of preschool children from low-income families: Review of the literature. Top Early Child Special Educ. 2003;23(4):188-216. doi: 10.1177/02711214030230040201.
  • 3. World Health Organization. The world healt report: 2003: Shaping the future. World Health Organization; 2003.
  • 4. Kessler RC, Berglund P, Demler O, Jin R, Merikangas KR, Walters EE. Lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2005;62(6):593-602. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.62.6.593. [PubMed: 15939837].
  • 5. Haghighatdoost F, Kelishadi R, Qorbani M, Heshmat R, Motlagh ME, Ardalan G, et al. Family dinner frequency is inversely related to mental disorders and obesity in adolescents: The CASPIAN-III study. Arch Iran Med. 2017;20(4):218-23. [PubMed: 28412825].
  • 6. Goodman R, Neves dos Santos D, Robatto Nunes AP, Pereira de Miranda D, Fleitlich-Bilyk B, Almeida Filho N. The Ilha de Mare study: A survey of child mental health problems in a predominantly African-Brazilian rural community. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005;40(1):11-7. doi: 10.1007/s00127-005-0851-z. [PubMed: 15624069].
  • 7. Benjet C, Borges G, Medina-Mora ME, Zambrano J, Aguilar-Gaxiola S. Youth mental health in a populous city of the developing world: Results from the Mexican Adolescent Mental Health Survey. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2009;50(4):386-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2008.01962.x. [PubMed: 19040499].
  • 8. Sawyer MG, Arney FM, Baghurst PA, Clark JJ, Graetz BW, Kosky RJ, et al. The mental health of young people in Australia: Key findings from the child and adolescent component of the national survey of mental health and well-being. Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2001;35(6):806-14. doi: 10.1046/j.1440-1614.2001.00964.x. [PubMed: 11990891].
  • 9. Mullick MS, Goodman R. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 5-10 year olds in rural, urban and slum areas in Bangladesh: An exploratory study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2005;40(8):663-71. doi: 10.1007/s00127-005-0939-5. [PubMed: 16091858].
  • 10. Alavi A, Mohammadi MR, Joshaghani N, Mahmoudi-Gharaei J. Frequency of psychological disorders amongst children in urban areas of Tehran. Iran J Psychiatry. 2010;5(2):55-9. [PubMed: 22952492]. [PubMed Central: PMC3430495].
  • 11. Mohammadi MR, Ahmadi N, Kamali K, Khaleghi A, Ahmadi A. Epidemiology of psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents (IRCAP) and its relationship with social capital, life style and parents' personality disorders: Study protocol. Iran J Psychiatry. 2017;12(1):66-72. [PubMed: 28496504]. [PubMed Central: PMC5425354].
  • 12. Meltzer H, Gatward R, Goodman R, Ford T. Mental health of children and adolescents in Great Britain. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2003;15(1-2):185-7. doi: 10.1080/0954026021000046155. [PubMed: 12745331].
  • 13. Heikkala E, Remes J, Paananen M, Taimela S, Auvinen J, Karppinen J. Accumulation of lifestyle and psychosocial problems and persistence of adverse lifestyle over two-year follow-up among Finnish adolescents. BMC Public Health. 2014;14:542. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-542. [PubMed: 24884444]. [PubMed Central: PMC4057560].
  • 14. Rao S, Shah N, Jawed N, Inam S, Shafique K. Nutritional and lifestyle risk behaviors and their association with mental health and violence among Pakistani adolescents: Results from the National Survey of 4583 individuals. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:431. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1762-x. [PubMed: 25927931]. [PubMed Central: PMC4416240].
  • 15. Lavigne JV, Gibbons RD, Christoffel KK, Arend R, Rosenbaum D, Binns H, et al. Prevalence rates and correlates of psychiatric disorders among preschool children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1996;35(2):204-14. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199602000-00014. [PubMed: 8720630].
  • 16. Concepcion T, Barbosa C, Velez JC, Pepper M, Andrade A, Gelaye B, et al. Daytime sleepiness, poor sleep quality, eveningness chronotype, and common mental disorders among Chilean college students. J Am Coll Health. 2014;62(7):441-8. doi: 10.1080/07448481.2014.917652. [PubMed: 24810953]. [PubMed Central: PMC4207264].
  • 17. Burton P, Phipps S, Curtis L. All in the family: A simultaneous model of parenting style and child conduct. Am Econ Rev. 2002;92(2):368-72. doi: 10.1257/000282802320191633.
  • 18. Veisani Y, Mohamadian F, Delpisheh A. Prevalence and comorbidity of common mental disorders and associations with suicidal ideation in the adult population. Epidemiol Health. 2017;39. e2017031. doi: 10.4178/epih.e2017031. [PubMed: 28774163]. [PubMed Central: PMC5675985].
  • 19. Ghanizadeh A, Mohammadi MR, Yazdanshenas A. Psychometric properties of the Farsi translation of the Kiddie schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia-present and lifetime version. BMC Psychiatry. 2006;6:10. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-6-10. [PubMed: 16539703]. [PubMed Central: PMC1484478].
  • 20. Ghanizadeh A. ADHD, bruxism and psychiatric disorders: Does bruxism increase the chance of a comorbid psychiatric disorder in children with ADHD and their parents? Sleep Breath. 2008;12(4):375-80. doi: 10.1007/s11325-008-0183-9. [PubMed: 18421490].
  • 21. Kaufman J, Birmaher B, Brent D, Rao U, Flynn C, Moreci P, et al. Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children-present and lifetime version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 1997;36(7):980-8. doi: 10.1097/00004583-199707000-00021. [PubMed: 9204677].
  • 22. Lali M, Abedi A, Kajbaf MB. [Construction and validation of the lifestyle questionnaire (LSQ)]. Psychol Res. 2012;15(1):64-80. Persian.
  • 23. Koran LM, Thienemann ML, Davenport R. Quality of life for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1996;153(6):783-8. doi: 10.1176/ajp.153.6.783. [PubMed: 8633690].
  • 24. Witthauer C, T. Gloster A , Meyer AH, Lieb R. Physical diseases among persons with obsessive compulsive symptoms and disorder: A general population study. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2014;49(12):2013-22. doi: 10.1007/s00127-014-0895-z. [PubMed: 24907897]. [PubMed Central: PMC4228109].
  • 25. Taylor S, Jang KL, Asmundson GJ. Etiology of obsessions and compulsions: A behavioral-genetic analysis. J Abnorm Psychol. 2010;119(4):672-82. doi: 10.1037/a0021132. [PubMed: 21090873].
  • 26. Abramowitz JS, Deacon BJ, Woods CM, Tolin DF. Association between Protestant religiosity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms and cognitions. Depress Anxiety. 2004;20(2):70-6. doi: 10.1002/da.20021. [PubMed: 15390213].
  • 27. Nelson EA, Abramowitz JS, Whiteside SP, Deacon BJ. Scrupulosity in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder: Relationship to clinical and cognitive phenomena. J Anxiety Disord. 2006;20(8):1071-86. doi: 10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.02.001. [PubMed: 16524696].
  • 28. Strawbridge WJ, Cohen RD, Shema SJ, Kaplan GA. Frequent attendance at religious services and mortality over 28 years. Am J Public Health. 1997;87(6):957-61. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.87.6.957. [PubMed: 9224176]. [PubMed Central: PMC1380930].
  • 29. Koenig HG, Larson DB, Larson SS. Religion and coping with serious medical illness. Ann Pharmacother. 2001;35(3):352-9. doi: 10.1345/aph.10215. [PubMed: 11261534].
  • 30. Omidvari S, Shahidzadeh A, Montazeri A, Azin SA, Harir Chi AM, Souri H, et al. [Patient satisfaction with emergency departments]. Payesh. 2008;7(2):141-52. Persian.
  • 31. Matud MP, Camacho J, Hernández JA, Marrero RJ, Carballeira M, López M. Stress and health in Spanish women. J Appl Soc Psychol. 2004;34(4):731-46. doi: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2004.tb02567.x.
  • 32. Suwazono Y, Okubo Y, Kobayashi E, Kido T, Nogawa K. A follow-up study on the association of working conditions and lifestyles with the development of (perceived) mental symptoms in workers of a telecommunication enterprise. Occup Med (Lond). 2003;53(7):436-42. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqg102. [PubMed: 14581640].
  • 33. Suzuki K, Kitaike T, Miyazaki Y, Nojiri M. [Factors related to the mental health of workers dispatched to foreign countries]. Sangyo Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2003;45(3):105-13. Japanese. doi: 10.1539/sangyoeisei.45.105. [PubMed: 12833852].
  • 34. Demura S, Sato S. Relationships between depression, lifestyle and quality of life in the community dwelling elderly: A comparison between gender and age groups. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 2003;22(3):159-66. doi: 10.2114/jpa.22.159. [PubMed: 12808229].
  • 35. Tanaka H, Sasazawa Y, Suzuki S, Nakazawa M, Koyama H. Health status and lifestyle factors as predictors of depression in middle-aged and elderly Japanese adults: A seven-year follow-up of the Komo-Ise cohort study. BMC Psychiatry. 2011;11:20. doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-11-20. [PubMed: 21294921]. [PubMed Central: PMC3041738].
  • 36. Strawbridge WJ, Deleger S, Roberts RE, Kaplan GA. Physical activity reduces the risk of subsequent depression for older adults. Am J Epidemiol. 2002;156(4):328-34. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwf047. [PubMed: 12181102].
  • 37. Camacho TC, Roberts RE, Lazarus NB, Kaplan GA, Cohen RD. Physical activity and depression: Evidence from the Alameda County Study. Am J Epidemiol. 1991;134(2):220-31. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a116074. [PubMed: 1862805].
  • 38. Aihara Y, Minai J, Aoyama A, Shimanouchi S. Depressive symptoms and past lifestyle among Japanese elderly people. Community Ment Health J. 2011;47(2):186-93. doi: 10.1007/s10597-010-9317-1. [PubMed: 20455023].
  • 39. Haffner J, Roos J, Goldstein N, Parzer P, Resch F. [The effectiveness of body-oriented methods of therapy in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Results of a controlled pilot study]. Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2006;34(1):37-47. German. doi: 10.1024/1422-4917.34.1.37. [PubMed: 16485612].
  • 40. Gapin J, Etnier JL. The relationship between physical activity and executive function performance in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Sport Exerc Psychol. 2010;32(6):753-63. doi: 10.1123/jsep.32.6.753. [PubMed: 21282836].
  • 41. Coolidge FL, Thede LL, Young SE. Heritability and the comorbidity of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with behavioral disorders and executive function deficits: A preliminary investigation. Dev Neuropsychol. 2000;17(3):273-87. doi: 10.1207/S15326942DN1703_1. [PubMed: 11056845].
  • 42. Sergeant JA, Geurts H, Huijbregts S, Scheres A, Oosterlaan J. The top and the bottom of ADHD: A neuropsychological perspective. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2003;27(7):583-92. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2003.08.004. [PubMed: 14624803].
  • 43. Soliva JC, Fauquet J, Bielsa A, Rovira M, Carmona S, Ramos-Quiroga JA, et al. Quantitative MR analysis of caudate abnormalities in pediatric ADHD: Proposal for a diagnostic test. Psychiatry Res. 2010;182(3):238-43. doi: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2010.01.013. [PubMed: 20488672].
  • 44. Bussing R, Zima BT, Perwien AR. Self-esteem in special education children with ADHD: Relationship to disorder characteristics and medication use. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2000;39(10):1260-9. doi: 10.1097/00004583-200010000-00013. [PubMed: 11026180].
  • 45. Oshodin UA. The impact of attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder on interpersonal relationships and self-esteem. University of Limpopo; 2016.
  • 46. Chang JJ, Halpern CT, Kaufman JS. Maternal depressive symptoms, father's involvement, and the trajectories of child problem behaviors in a US national sample. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2007;161(7):697-703. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.161.7.697. [PubMed: 17606834].
  • 47. Guethmundsson OO, Tomasson K. Quality of life and mental health of parents of children with mental health problems. Nord J Psychiatry. 2002;56(6):413-7. doi: 10.1080/08039480260389325. [PubMed: 12495535].
  • 48. Foley DL, Pickles A, Simonoff E, Maes HH, Silberg JL, Hewitt JK, et al. Parental concordance and comorbidity for psychiatric disorder and associate risks for current psychiatric symptoms and disorders in a community sample of juvenile twins. J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 2001;42(3):381-94. doi: 10.1111/1469-7610.00731. [PubMed: 11321207].
  • 49. Hall LA, Williams CA, Greenberg RS. Supports, stressors, and depressive symptoms in low-income mothers of young children. Am J Public Health. 1985;75(5):518-22. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.75.5.518. [PubMed: 3985241]. [PubMed Central: PMC1646274].
  • 50. Lovejoy MC, Graczyk PA, O'Hare E, Neuman G. Maternal depression and parenting behavior: A meta-analytic review. Clin Psychol Rev. 2000;20(5):561-92. doi: 10.1016/S0272-7358(98)00100-7. [PubMed: 10860167].
  • 51. Wittchen HU, Fuetsch M, Sonntag H, Muller N, Liebowitz M. Disability and quality of life in pure and comorbid social phobia. Findings from a controlled study. Eur Psychiatry. 2000;15(1):46-58. doi: 10.1016/S0924-9338(00)00211-X. [PubMed: 10713802].
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments